Oral cancer is one of the most common cancer in the world.
The survival rate of the end of 1 year with all stages of oral cancer and pharyngeal cancer is 81%. The survival rate at the end of 5 and 10 years are 56% and 41% respectively.
Oral cancer screening is a part of any routine dental checkup. Any lumps or irregular tissue changes in the head and neck are always examined for by the dentist to detect changes for cancer. Dental examination will be also be done to detect sores, discolourations and any other symptoms pertaining for oral cancer.
Biopsy of a suspicious site is usually indicated to diagnose cancer.There are various types of biopsy methods, and the doctor performs the most appropriate method. Many doctors do not prefer brush biopsies
even though it is very easy. They would need a scalpel biopsy to confirm the results if the brush biopsy is positive. Also there are various kinds of scalpel biopsies, incisional and excisional, depending on whether only a piece or the whole area is needed to understand what the nature of the problem is. Some doctors prefer performing biopsy with lasers.
To prevent oral cancer:
Early detection of oral cancer can be done in the following ways:
The American Cancer Society recommends oral cancer screening exams every 3 years for persons over age 20 and annually for those over age 40.Prevention is better than cure, so is early detection.