It's better to get the impacted wisdom teeth removed, if not the below mentioned critical issues might occur:
Shifting of teeth surrounding the wisdom tooth, in turn, causing bite irregularities and pain is often aftermath of non-removal of wisdom teeth
Loss of bone and jaw expansion:
loss of bone is usually associated with an impacted wisdom teeth. Bone expansion surrounding the impacted tooth is also typical. Cyst and tumors may also arise from the impacted tooth causing bone destruction and gum tissue infection.
Infection of surrounding region:
Headache and sinus infection can be a sequel on an impacted third molar.
Irritation of Gum Tissue:
When the wisdom teeth grow in an improper direction, it irritates the overlying gum tissue. This leads to infection and inflammation of this flap leading to severe pain. Cleansing of the infected gum can also be difficult. This ultimately leads to the formation of gum pockets around the tooth, cavitations and bone loss.
Effect on orthodontic and prosthetic treatment:
For children, wisdom teeth may adversely affect the results of orthodontia. For the elderly, wisdom teeth may undermine the functionality of dentures. In children, wisdom teeth can hinder orthodontic treatment and decrease the functional capacity of the dentures.
The Advantages of Keeping your Wisdom Teeth
Even though the wisdom teeth poses such challenges, it has its advantages too.
1) They can act as a support for the bridge.
2) Fill space left by a missing molar
3) Act as a reservoir of stem cells.
To Extract or Not to Extract?
This question is one thing that can be handled only by the dentist using a dental examination. Many assistive diagnostic aids such as panoramic and digital x-rays are used. The anatomical features around the tooth can also be studied using these methods and a precise method for surgery chosen. They are also used to help locate additional risks that may impact your dentist's approach to the procedure, such as the anatomical and physiological features of the tooth, root, and bone and surrounding structures.
The recommended age for wisdom tooth removal is now described at 18 years of age. Hence it is recommended to get your wisdom tooth removed as early as advised, to prevent potential complications.